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What gives skin its colour?

Human skin color is primarily due to the presence of melanin in the skin. Skin color ranges from almost black to white with a pinkish tinge due to blood vessels underneath.

Melanin is produced by cells called melanocytes that are lodged in the bottom layer of epidermis.

Skin color ranges from almost black to white with a pinkish tinge due to blood vessels underneath. [1] Variation in natural skin color is mainly due to genetics.

The natural skin color can be darkened as a result of tanning due to exposure to sunlight.

Other causes of pigmentation include Melasma Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation,Freckles Lentigines (photographs of melasma, PIH, freckles/lentigenes) .

What is Melasma?

Melasma is skin discoloration (tan, brown, blue or black) found most commonly on sun-exposed areas of the face. It is an irregular tan, brown, or even black patches on parts of the face including cheeks, forehead, nose, chin, jaw line, and upper lip. It is most often symmetrical (matching on both sides of the face).

What causes Melasma?

Melasma is a common skin disorder. Though it can affect anyone, women with darker skin tones (especially Hispanic, Asian, Indian, and Middle Eastern) are at greatest risk. Melasma can be associated with the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. It is especially common in pregnant women, women who are taking oral contraceptives, and women taking hormone replacement therapy during menopause.

Sun exposure is strongly associated with melasma.

What is the treatment of Melasma?
Along with depigmenting agents, chemical peels and lasers give a long lasting control of the condition. however The best treatment for melasma is prevention. The key to preventing melasma is sun avoidance and daily sunscreen use.

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Disha Skin & Laser Institute
Shrusti Prime, 1st Floor , Above S. Kumar Jewellers, Gokhale Road, Thane (W),
Maharashtra - India
Contact : +91 932 16 32 000,  022 - 25335066 / 77 E-mail :
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